The Fourteenth Amendment extends citizenship to all persons born in the U.S. and “subject to the jurisdiction”; it also grants Congress the power to enforce and define the provisions of the amendment.
Since the Civil Rights Act of 1866, Congress has defined Birthright Citizenship through appropriate legislation, which for decades has granted citizenship to newborns with both parents illegal aliens, foreign tourists or temporary foreign workers and students. The Fourteenth Amendment gives Congress the right to define birthright citizenship differently.
The Birthright Citizenship Act of 2011 would add to the existing federal code a provision that requires at least one parent of a new born to be a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident in order for the new born to receive automatic citizenship.
This legislation is sound and appropriate. Wonder why new House members Reid Ribble (WI-08) and Sean Duffy (WI-08) haven’t signed on as co-sponsors. For that matter why haven’t any members of the Wisconsin House delegation signed on?
- Birthright Citizenship (aphilosopher.wordpress.com)
- Sens. Vitter and Paul Introduce Birthright Citizenship Bill (alternet.org)